Causes of delay in the construction of drinking water and sewer projects in Ecuador




construction delays, drinking water supply, project planning and control, drinking water and sewerage projects


It is common for infrastructure projects to experience delays in their execution, when they occur in the construction of drinking water and sewerage projects, there is a delay in the access and availability of basic water and sanitation services for the population, which is why It is important to know the causes that produce them in order to take actions to reduce them. This article presents the results of an investigation carried out on the delays in the construction of potable water and sewerage systems in Ecuador, the actions taken to correct such delays, and the techniques, and construction planning and control tools used. For this purpose, a survey was conducted based on a questionnaire that required the perception of professionals who work in both public and private institutions in Ecuador, linked to construction activities, preparation of studies or inspection of drinking water projects and sewerage. It was identified that the main cause for the delays in these projects is the deficiency in the studies, the technical modifications and the increases in work quantities, that the term extensions is the measure mainly applied to correct the delays and that the Diagram Gantt Bar is the most widely used planning and control technique.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Fernando Francisco Castro Carrera, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador

Fernando Francisco, Castro Carrera. Research Professor at the Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador, Faculty of Engineering, Ecuador. Email:

Edwin Patricio Castro Merino, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador

Edwin Patricio, Castro Merino. Docente Investigador de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Facultad de Ingeniería, Ecuador. Correo: 

Juan Carlos Osorio López, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador

uan Carlos, Osorio Lopez. Research Professor at the Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador, Faculty of Natural and Exact Sciences, Ecuador. Email:

Juan Enrique Merizalde Aguirre, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador

Juan Enrique, Merizalde Aguirre. Research Professor at the Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador, Faculty of Engineering, Ecuador, Email: and at the Central University of Ecuador, Faculty of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Ecuador, Email:


J. K. Larsen, G. Q. Shen, S. M. Lindhard y T. D. Brunoe, “Factors Affecting Schedule Delay, Cost Overrun, and Quality Level in Public Construction Projects” ASCE Journal of Management in Engineering, vol. 32, no. 1, 2016, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000391

N. Rudeli, E. Viles, J. González y A. Santilli, “Causas de Retrasos en Proyectos de Construcción: Un análisis cualitativo” Memoria Investigaciones en Ingeniería, no. 16, pp. 71-84, 2018

Project Management Institute, A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (Guía de los fundamentos para la dirección de proyectos. Guía del PMBOK), 6a ed., Pennsylvania, 2017

A. Ansar, B. Flyvbjerg, A. Budzier y D. Lunn “Does infrastructure investment lead to economic growth or economic fragility? Evidence from China” Oxford Review of Economic Policy, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 360-390, 2016. doi:10.1093/oxrep/grw022

S. Arboleda y E. Serna, Presupuesto y programación de obras conceptos básicos, 2a ed, Medellín: Fondo Editorial ITM, 1982

E. Vázquez, Aplicación del método de la cadena crítica al sector de la construcción, Tesis de Doctorado, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, 2018. Recuperado de

K. Araszkiewicz, “Application of Critical Chain Management in Construction Projects Schedules in a Multi-Project Environment: a Case Study” Procedia Engineering, vol. 182, pp. 33-41, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.03.108

S. Sepasgozar, R. Karimi, S. Shirowzhan, M. Mojtahedi, S. Ebrahimzadeh y D. McCarthy, “Delay Causes and Emerging Digital Tools: A Novel Model of Delay Analysis, Including Integrated Project Delivery and PMBOK” Buildings, 9, 191, 2019 doi:10.3390/buildings9090191

A. Trapote, Infraestructuras Hidráulico-Sanitarias I. Abastecimiento y distribución de agua, 2a ed., Alicante: Publicaciones Universidad de Alicante, 2013.

A. Trapote, Infraestructuras Hidráulico-Sanitarias II. Saneamiento y drenaje urbano, 2a ed. Alicante: Publicaciones Universidad de Alicante, 2013.

Asamblea Nacional de la República del Ecuador, Ley Orgánica de Recursos Hídricos, Usos y Aprovechamiento del Agua, Registro Oficial No. 305, segundo suplemento, Quito, 2014.

M. Islam y B. Trigunarsyah, “Construction Delays in Developing Countries: A Review” KICEM Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management, vol. 7, no. 1, pp.1-12, 2017.

G. Mejía, O. Sánchez, K. Castañeda y E. Pellicer, “Delay causes in road infrastructure projects in developing countries” Revista de la Construcción, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 220-234, 2020.

D. Arditi, S. Nayak y A. Damci, “Effect of organizational culture on delay in construction” International Journal of Project Management, vol. 35, pp.136-147, 2017.

N. Rudeli, E. Viles y A. Santilli, “A Construction Management Tool: Determining a Project Schedule Typical Behaviors Using Cluster Analysis” World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 485-492, 2018

S. Lozano Sara, I. Patiño, A. Gómez-Cabrera y A. Torres, “Identificación de factores que generan diferencias de tiempo y costos en proyectos de construcción en Colombia” Ingeniería y Ciencia, vol. 14, no. 27, p. 117-151, 2018, doi: 10.17230/ingciencia.14.27.6

N. Al-Hazim, Z. A. Salem y H. Ahmad, “Delay and Cost Overrun in Infrastructure Projects in Jordan” Procedia Engineering, vol. 182, pp. 18-24, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.03.105

T. Al Amri y M. Marey-Pérez, “Towards a sustainable construction industry: Delays and cost overrun causes in construction projects of Oman” Journal of Project Management, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 87-102, 2020. doi: 10.5267/j.jpm.2020.1.001

A. Senouci, A. Ismail y N. Eldin, “Time Delay and Cost Overrun in Qatari Public Construction Projects” Procedia Engineering, vol. 164, pp. 368-375, 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2016.11.632

M. Gluszak y A. Lesniak, “Construction delays in clients opinion – multivariate statistical analysis” Procedia Engineering, vol. 123, pp. 182 – 189, 2015. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2015.10.075

Z. K. Bangash, “Analyzing the Causes of Delays in Construction Projects for Peshawar: Contractor Perception” Journal of Emerging Trends in Applied Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 13-18, 2016.

M. Z. Ramli, M. A. Malek, B. Hamid, N. T. Roslin, M. E. M. Roslan, S. Norhisham y M. F. Mohd, “Influence of Project Type, Location and Area towards Construction Delay: a Review on Significance Level of Delay Factors” International Journal of Engineering & Technology, vol. 7, no. 4.35, pp. 392-399, 2018. DOI: 10.14419 / ijet.v7i4.35.22769

H. Porras, O. Sánchez y J. Galvis, “Filosofía Lean Construction para la gestión de proyectos de construcción: una revisión actual” AVANCES Investigación en Ingeniería, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 32-53, 2014.



How to Cite

Castro Carrera, F. F., Castro Merino, E. P., Osorio López, J. C., & Merizalde Aguirre, J. E. (2022). Causes of delay in the construction of drinking water and sewer projects in Ecuador. Gaceta Técnica, 23(1), 3-19.



Research articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)