Adaptability and grain yield stability of rice hybrids and varieties in Venezuela
Keywords:AMMI, GGE Biplot, Oryza sativa, REML/BLUP
The development of new high-performance and stable cultivars requires test multi-environmental validation to deal with the effect of genotype by environment interaction (GEI). With the objective to determine adaptability and stability for grain yield in hybrids and rice varieties through the models AMMI, SREG and REML/BLUP. Six experiments were evaluated during the 2015-2016 dry season in the main producing regions of Venezuela. The ANOVA detected differences for genotype (G), environment (E) and their interaction (GEI), representing 19, 65 and 16 % of the total variation, respectively, with prevalence of hybrid by localities interaction. The first major components of the AMMI and GGE biplot models explained 77 and 83 % of GEI, respectively. The three models coincided and identified the hybrid RHA-180 (H6) with improved average performance, adapted and stable. The hybrid HIAAL (H3) was the most prominent. Among the checks, 'Pionero FL' (V3) was the most stable with moderate yield; the opposite occurred with ‘Soberana FL’ (V4) and ‘SD-20A’ (V1), that the AMMI and GGE biplot models identified with high and unstable performances and specific adaptation to locality INIA Guárico (L1), not coinciding with the mixed model. Two mega-environments were identified with the winning genotypes H6 and V4. There was divergence between AMMI and GGE biplot to identify discriminatory and representative locations. The Plot 199 (L3) was the most representative, while the location L1 discriminated better the genotypes. The GGE biplot analysis was more informative and complete for the GEI analysis.
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