The effect of vermicompost treatments on yield and yield components of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)




Number of pods, Osmaniye, pod weight, protein content


This study was conducted to determine the effects of vermicompost treatments on yield and yield components of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) under Osmaniye ecological conditions, in Türkiye, in 2020-2021. It was designed according a complete randomized block with three replications. The NC-7 peanut variety was treated with eight different treatments of vermicompost plus a control. The treatments T1 through T4 included soil and leaves applications at different plant development stages, and treatments T5 through T8 were similar to the previous four but included only application to leaves. The number of pods per plant, pod weight per plant, 100-pod and seed weight, shelling percentage, first quality pod ratio, first quality pod weight ratio, protein content, and pod yield were determined. The number of pods per plant varied between 23.3 (control) and 33.4 (T1). The lowest pod weight per plant was 37.7 g in control treatment, and the  highest  in  T1  (51.4 g).  Pod yield  was  between  3579 kg∙ha-1  (control)  and  4873 kg∙ha-1 in T1. The 100-pod weight was the lowest from the control treatment (208.4 g) and the highest from the T6 treatment (254.2 g); the weight of 100 seeds was minimum in the control treatment with 88.5 g and maximum in T5, with 102.3 g. The protein content varied between 24.11% (control) and 26.01% (T5). These results indicate that under the ecological conditions of Osmaniye province, there  is a significant effect of vermicompost on most productive and quality variables of peanut.


Download data is not yet available.


Acevedo, I. and R. Pire. 2004. Effects of vermicompost as substrate amendment on the growth of papaya (Carica papaya L.). Interciencia 29(5): 274-279.

Ahmad, A., Z. Aslam, K. Bellitürk, N. Iqbal, S. Naeem, M. Idrees and A. Kamal. 2021. Vermicomposting methods from different wastes: an environment friendly, economically viable and socially acceptable approach for crop nutrition: a review. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture 5(1): 58-68.

Akhtar, S., N. Khalid, I. Ahmed, A. Shahzad and H.A.R. Suleria. 2014. Physicochemical characteristics, functional properties, and nutritional benefits of peanut oil: a review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 54(12): 1562-1575.

Arioglu, H.H. 2014. The oil seed crops, growing and breeding. University of Cukurova. Faculty of Agricultura Publishing. Nº A-70, 204.

Arioglu, H., H. Bakal, L. Gulluoglu, O.N.A.T Bihter and K.U.R.T. Cemal. 2018. The effect of harvesting dates on some agronomic and quality characteristics of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties grown as a main crop in Mediterranean region (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Field Crops 23(1): 27-37.

Bai, B.A. and M.J. Malakout. 2007. The effect of different organic manures on some yield and yield quality parameters in onion. Iran Soil and Water Sciences Journal 21(1): 43-33.

Bekele, G., N. Dechassa, T. Tanac and J.J. Sharma. 2019. Effects of nitrogen, phosphorus and vermicompost fertilizers on productivity of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in Babile, Eastern Ethiopia. Agronomy Research 17(4): 1532–1546.

Bellitürk, K. 2018. Vermicomposting in Turkey: Challenges and opportunities in future. Eurasian Journal of Forest Science 6(4): 32-41.

Biswash, M.R., M.W. Rahman, M.M. Haque, M. Sharmin and R. Barua. 2014. Effect of potassium and vermicompost on the growth, yield and nutrient contents of mungbean (Bari Mung 5). Open Science Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 1(3): 33-39.

Chavan, A.R., S.A. Chavan, A.M. Yadav and V.G. Chavan. 2019. Effect of vermicompost, rock phosphate, PSB and different bio-products on yield and economics of groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 8(12): 2031-2039.

Cihangir, H. and Oktem, A. 2019. The effect of different organic nutrients on some quality properties of popcorn (Zea mays L.). Asian Food Science Journal 7(2): 1-9.

Choudhary, S.K., M.K. Jat, S.R. Sharma and P. Singh. 2011. Effect of INM on soil nutrient and yield in groundnut field of semi-arid area of Rajasthan. Legume Research 34(4): 283-287.

Das, T., P. Debnath, S. Satpute and S. Bandyopadhyay. 2015. Effect of phosphorus enriched vermicompost on growth and yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) as influenced by soil phosphorus use efficiency. Indian Journal of Science and Technology 8(11): 1-11.

Devi, D. and S.K. Agarwal. 1999. Response of sunflower genotypes (Helianthus annuus) to nutrient management. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 69(1): 10-13.

Filiz, Y. and N. Topal. 2021. The effects of humic acid and vermicompost on some yield and quality factors in some corn (Zea mays L. indentata Sturt.) varieties. Journal of Erciyes Agriculture and Animal Science 4(1): 11-19.

Gabisa, M., T. Tana and E. Urage. 2017. Effect of planting density on yield components and yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogeae L.) varieties at Abeya, Borena Zone Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Applied Science 3(3): 189-206.

Hemalatha, B. 2012. Vermicomposting of fruit waste and industrial sludge. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology 3(2): 60-63.

Jahan, F.N., A.T.M Shahjalal, A.K. Paul, H. Mehraj and A.F.M.J. Uddin. 2014. Efficacy of vermicompost and conventional compost on growth and yield of cauliflower. Bangladesh Research Publicatıons Journal 10(1): 33-38.

Kaushal K.G., S. Ramesh, P.W. Suhas, O.P. Chaturvedı, I. Dev, M.D. Patıl, R. Sudı and A.K. Sıngh. 2018. Improving water availability and diversification of cropping systems in pilot villages of north and southern India. CAB lntemational 119-144.

Kumar, D.S., P.S. Kumar, V.U. Kumar and G. Anbuganapathi. 2014a. Influence of biofertilizer mixed flower waste vermicompost on the growth, yield and quality of groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.). World Applied Sciences Journal 31(10): 1715-1721.

Kumar, S., R. Singh, M. Saquib, D. Singh and A. Kumar. 2014b. Effect of different combinations of vermicompost, biofertilizers and chemical fertilizers on growth, productivity and profitability in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Plant Archives 14(1): 267-270.

Magagula, N., M.P. Mabuza, N. Zubuko. 2019. Effects of plant density and planting pattern on growth and seed yield of groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea L.) in the Wet Middleveld of Eswatini. Asian Plant Research Journal 3(2):1-12.

Ozel, M.R. and A.G. Oktem. 2021. The effect of vermicompost application at different levels on yield and yield characteristics in dent corn (Zea mays L. indendata). Bitlis Eren University Journal of Science 10(4): 1324-1333.

Oroka, F.O. 2015. Crop response to mineral fertilizer, vermicompost and density in Cassava groundnut intercrop. Advances in Life Science and Technology 33(1): 61-67.

Pathma, J. and N. Sakthivel. 2012. Microbial diversity of vermicompost bacteria that exhibit useful agricultural traits and waste management potential. SpringerPlus 1(26): 1-19.

Ravikumar, C., M. Ganapathy, D. Ganesamoorthy, A. Karthikeyan, M. Saravanaperumal and G. Murugan. 2019. Effect of INM on growth, yield and quality parameters of irrigated groundnut (Arachis hypoagea L.) var. VRI-2 for sandy loam soils. Plant Archives 19(2): 745-749.

Santhoshkumar, M., G.C. Reddy and P.S. Sangwan. 2017. A review on organic farming-Sustainable agriculture development. International Journal of Pure and Applied Bioscience 5(4): 1277-1282.

Sorathiya, L. M., A.B. Fulsoundar, K.K. Tyagi, M.D. Patel and R.R. Singh. 2014. Eco-friendly and modern methods of livestock waste recycling for enhancing farm profitability. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture 3(1): 1-7.

Sridevi, S., M. Prabu and N.G. Tamilselvi. 2016. Bioconversion of water hyacinth into enriched vermicompost and its effect on growth and yield of peanut. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 5(9): 675-681.

Stewart, Z.P. G.M. Pierzynski, B.J. Middendorf and P.V. Prasad. 2020. Approaches to improve soil fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Experimental Botany 71(2): 632-641.

Ucar, O., S. Soysal, and M. Erman. 2020. The effects of solid vermicompost applications on the yield and yield components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in the ecological conditions of Siirt. Turkish Journal of Nature and Science 9(2): 91-95.

Yasli, S., N. Isler and C.B. Sahin. 2020. The effect of single and twin planting patterns on yield and important agricultural characteristics of main cropped peanut under Diyarbakir conditions. Journal of Agriculture and Nature 23(1): 91-98.

Wang, H.W., C.Y. Ma, F.J. Xu, F. Lu., W. Zhang and C.C. Dai. 2021. Root endophyte-enhanced peanut-rhizobia interaction is associated with regulation of root exudates. Microbiological Research 250(1): 1-10.

Yilmaz, M. 2022. Determination of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids in late peanut cultivation in the eastern Mediterranean. Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 5(3): 189-194.

Yuldasheva, S.Q. and B.E. Soyibnazarov. 2021. Bio ecological properties and significance of California Red Worm. Academicia: An International Multi-disciplinary Research Journal 11(4): 1946-1950.

Zaremanesh, H., B. Nasiri and A. Amiri. 2017. The effect of vermicompost biological fertilizer on corn yield. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science 8(1): 154-159.



How to Cite

Yilmaz, M. (2023). The effect of vermicompost treatments on yield and yield components of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Bioagro, 35(3), 209-216.